The language models that feed chatbots like ChatGPT can also be used in automated chemistry, from synthesizing chemicals and drug discovery to designing and conducting scientific experiments.

Augmenting the AI ​​machine GPT-4 with new chemical knowledge made it much better at planning experiments, but it also refused to make the banned substances heroin or sarin gas.

Large language models, such as GPT-4, have been trained on large amounts of data from the Internet and appear to be competent to address problems in many disciplines. However, they struggle with tasks that require more expertise. Chemists have now begun to solve this problem by providing a more comprehensive and specific training to the language model.

Source: The New Scientist